The Well-BelovedLouis XV
Louis XV (1710-1774) succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV as king of France in 1715, at the age of five. Louis XV was popular during the early years of his reign, earning the nickname “Louis the Well-Beloved.” However, his popularity did not persist, and by the time of his death in 1774 he had fallen out of favor with the French people. His reign, like that of Louis XIV, was marked by a series of wars that required enormous spending to maintain France’s position in Europe. This unconstrained fiscal policy in part set the stage for the French Revolution, which would bring down the monarchy 15 years after his death.