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Computer photorealistic simulation of the French Blue as it appeared when set in gold and mounted on a stick
1669-1672
Louis XIV ordered Tavernier's Diamond recut, producing a ~69-carat heart-shaped diamond known today as the French Blue.
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A color illustration of the emblem of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The emblem contained several spectacular gems, including the French Blue diamond and the Côte de Bretagne spinel.
1749
King Louis XV had the French Blue Diamond set into the Order of the Golden Fleece by Parisian jeweler Pierre-André Jacqumin
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The return of the royal family to Paris on June 25th, 1791. Engraving by Jean Duplessis-Bertaux, after a drawing by Jean-Louis Prieur.
1791
King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were captured attempting to flee France during the French Revolution. The royal jewels were turned over to the revolutionary government and housed in the Garde-Meuble.
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1749
The Order of the Golden Fleece

Louis XIV's great-grandson, Louis XV, inherited the royal jewels when he ascended to the throne. Around 1749, King Louis XV tasked the Parisian jeweler Pierre-André Jacqumin with creating an emblem of knighthood of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The finished emblem featured a number of spectacular gems, including the French Blue Diamond, the 107-carat Côte de Bretagne spinel (carved into the shape of a dragon and originally thought to be a ruby), and several other diamonds. It was rarely worn, functioning instead as a symbol of the king's power (Post and Farges 2014).

In Depth

Gallery

A color illustration of the emblem of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The emblem contained several spectacular gems, including the French Blue diamond and the Côte de Bretagne spinel.
A replica of the Emblem of the Order of the Golden Fleece
The Côte de Bretagne spinel. Once thought to be a ruby, this stone was carved in the shape of a dragon. It was part the Emblem of the Order of the Golden Fleece and is currently on display at the Louvre.
Timeline adapted from Post and Farges 2014 and sources therein. Updated 19 April 2017.

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